Kaisa_2012_3_photo by Veikko Somerpuro

29.4.2020 at 00:00 - 19.5.2020 at 23:59



Adler, F.R. & Tanner, C.J. 2013. Urban ecology. Ecological principles for the built environment. Cambridge University Press. 302 p. (2 cr)

Aitkenhead-Peterson, J. & Volder, A. (Eds.) 2010. Urban ecosystem ecology. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin. 478 p. (3 cr)

Bardgett, R.D.& Wardle, D.A. 2010: Aboveground-Belowground Linkages Biotic Interactions, Ecosystem Processes, and Global Change. Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution. 320 p. (2 cr)

The following books together (2 cr):

Walker, B. & Salt, D. 2006: Resilience thinking. Sustaining Ecosystems and people in a changing world. Island Press, 174 p (154 p without references).

Gunderson, L.H., Allen, C. R & Holling, C. S. (Eds.) 2010: Foundations of Ecological Resilience. Island Press, 466 p. Read parts one and two, i.e. pages 1-297 (altogether 164 p without references).

Due to current COVID-19 situation general examinations in lecture halls are cancelled. You can contact the teacher to ask about alternative completion methods.