Kaisa_2012_3_photo by Veikko Somerpuro

3.4.2019 at 00:01 - 30.4.2019 at 23:59



Master’s Programme in Atmospheric Sciences is responsible for the course.

Module where the course belongs to:

  • ATM300 Advanced Studies in Atmospheric Sciences
    Optional for:
    1. Study Track in Meteorology

The course is available to students from other degree programmes.

Atmospheric thermodynamics, Introduction to atmospheric flow dynamics, Dynamics of atmospheric flow structures, Cloud physics


  • To understand and be able to apply the theory of equatorial waves and Rossby deformation radius to convection and convective weather systems.
  • To profoundly understand how the smallness of the Coriolis parameter affects the dynamics and the interaction between convection and dynamics
  • To understand the mechanisms of and factors affecting the following phenomena: Hadley and Walker cells, tradewind inversion, ITCZ, ENSO, Tropical cyclones, monsoon and MJO.

1. or 2. year in MSc studies.

The course will be lectured every other year (even years) in the IV period.

  • Scale analysis in the tropics
  • Convection in the tropics
  • Rossby deformation radius and adjustment to diabatic heating and cooling by gravity waves
  • Morphology of convection
  • Equatorial waves
  • Hadley cell
  • Reason for the observed SST structure in the Pacific ocean
  • Linear model of the Walker cell
  • Lower tropospheric flow over the tropical Pacific ocean
  • ENSO and its theories
  • Tropical cyclones: observations, potential intensity theory, other factors affecting intensity, intensification mechanisms, propagation, damage
  • Monsoon
  • MJO

Lecture notes and parts of Zhang's review paper on MJO

Supplementary material: Introduction to tropical meteorology (www.meted.ucar.edu)

Weekly lectures and presentations by students

Grade is based on course exam. Bonuspoints based on the number of asked questions and comments. Bonuspoints can be up to 7% of maximum course exam points.

Exam and a short presentation