Different types of microscopes

Microscopes at a glance

Interested in microscopy? come to the course to learn more on what are they, how do they work, how do you operate them properly.



Here is the course’s teaching schedule. Check the description for possible other schedules.

Tue 26.9.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Thu 28.9.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Fri 29.9.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Tue 3.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Thu 5.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Fri 6.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Tue 10.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Thu 12.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Tue 17.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Thu 19.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Tue 24.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Thu 26.10.2017
09:00 - 12:00
Tue 7.11.2017
09:00 - 12:00


All course material will be distributed through course Moodle page.


  • The Doctoral Programme in Biomedicine coordinates the course.
  • This is an optional course.
  • The course is part of the Field-Specific Studies module.
  • The course is available to students of other degree programmes.

Unlike a general introduction of microscopy, this course has in-depth discussion of different optical microscopic methods, electron microscopy and super-resolution microscopy. All topics covered by lectures are substantiated by hands-on practical or demo sessions. These together will give participants a solid background of various advanced microscopic techniques in future biomedical research work.

Contents: broad view on advanced microscopic methods used in biomedical research, including:

Optical microscopy: routine light microscopy, optical microscopy with special contrast-enhancement methods like phase contrast, differential interference contrast, darkfield, polarized light microscopy. Fluorescence microscopy. Confocal microscopy. Live cell imaging and digital microscopy and digital image processing.

Electron microscopy: transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, cryo-electron microscopy, immuno-electron microscopy, correlative LM-EM (CLEM) methods.

Super resolution light microscopy: different approaches and their comparison. New microscopic methods under developing.

The course can be completed at any time.

Lecture: 30 hours, practical session 20 hours, Demo 6 hours, reading assignment and small essays. Completion of the course: Attending 70 % of lectures. Participating all practical and demos, complete course assignments, essays and final exam.

Pass/fail, attendance required

For further information and course registration, please visit the doctoral programme web page: http://www.helsinki.fi/dpbm/.

course will be organised as contact teaching (attendance required).