Kaisa_2012_3_photo by Veikko Somerpuro

2.1.2020 at 09:00 - 29.5.2020 at 18:00


Enrol for the exam in WebOodi. Then book your exam time and place in Examinarium.


Major students can participate in the specialisation courses already during their second year of study if such courses help them find a topic for their proseminar course or Bachelor's thesis.

Introduction to Epistemology

During the course, students deepen their understanding of the epistemological questions related to one or several sources of the possibility of knowledge and justification, such as observation, a priori reasoning, introspection, memory, testimony, moral intuition and religious experience. After completing the specialisation courses, students are engrossed in the subject and able to apply it so that they can begin writing their thesis.

Literature examinations can be completed throughout the academic year. Lecture courses and seminars will be held during all four teaching periods.

During the course, students focus on one or several possible sources of knowledge and justification, such as observation, a priori introspection, memory, testimony, moral intuition and religious experience, and their related philosophical problems. Students are recommended to complete specialisation studies related to their Master's thesis research.

Recommended literature:

W. Alston: The Reliability of Sense Perception (1 cr); F. Dretske: Perception, Knowledge and Belief (3 cr); M. Huemer: Skepticism and the Veil of Perception (2 cr); D. Dodd & E. Zardini: Scepticism and Perceptual Justification (5 cr); W. Fish: Philosophy of Perception: A Contemporary Introduction (2 cr); P. Boghossian & C. Peacocke (eds.): New Essays on the A Priori (5 cr); L. BonJour: In Defense of Pure Reason (2 cr); A. Casullo: A Priori Justification (3 cr); Q. Cassam (ed.): Self-Knowledge (3 cr); C. Wright, B. Smith & C. MacDonald (eds.): Knowing Our Own Minds (5 cr); S. Goldberg: Relying on Others (2 cr); J. Lackey: Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge (3 cr); R. Feldman & T. Warfield: Disagreement (3 cr); D. Christensen & J. Lackey (eds.): The Epistemology of Disagreement (3 cr); A. Zimmerman: Moral Epistemology (2 cr); M. Huemer: Ethical Intuitionism (3 cr); A. Plantinga & N. Wolterstorff (eds.): Faith and Rationality: Reason and Belief in God (3 cr); W. Alston: Perceiving God (3 cr); A. Plantinga: Warranted Christian Belief (5 cr); K. Clark & R. VanArragon (eds.): Evidence and Religious Belief (2 cr)

Graded on a scale of 0 to 5. The evaluation criteria are based on the learning outcomes. Evaluation is based on a course or literature examination, and possibly on participation in the seminar discussions or writing an essay.

The Faculty of Social Sciences’ Examinarium exams are replaced from 16 March with alternative arrangements until 31 May 2020 until further notice. Register for Examinarium in WebOodi and contact the teacher about the books / check the course page for further instructions. (NOTE: do not register in Examinarium or reserve the room for the exam.)

Students are recommended to complete the specialisation options as specialisation courses, reading seminars or in the form of an essay. Courses can also be completed by taking literature examinations, but please note that each examination must be worth at least 5 credits. The thematic entity and literature for each essay and Faculty examination is always to be agreed upon in advance with the examiner. The choice of the subject and the literature must aim to build a sensible whole that is sufficiently coherent in terms of the chosen topic. Students are recommended to choose specialisation courses or literature that are directly related to their Master's thesis research or its immediate background.