A Union Jack flag on display in a surviving nissen hut at Cultybraggan PoW camp, Scotland. Photo: S Thomas

In this course students will think about how heritage is constructed, where power lies and how heritage can be marginalised.

Cultural heritage is often viewed as a positive thing – something that contributes to cultural identity and to the economy through tourism opportunities. However, some heritage is contested and difficult for groups to reconcile. Some forms of heritage are politically difficult for authorities to sanction. Not all memories are positive ones. In this course students will think about how heritage is constructed, where power lies in deciding the importance of certain kinds of heritage, and how heritage is also sometimes marginalized or even forgotten about. Through discussing key theoretical concepts employed in cultural heritage studies and through examining case studies, students will learn to think critically about how cultural heritage is utilized.

9.10.2018 at 09:00 - 25.10.2018 at 23:59
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Students meet weekly in a seminar session, and will be using Moodle.


Here is the course’s teaching schedule. Check the description for possible other schedules.

Thu 1.11.2018
12:15 - 13:45
Thu 8.11.2018
12:15 - 13:45
Thu 15.11.2018
12:15 - 13:45
Thu 22.11.2018
12:15 - 13:45
Thu 29.11.2018
12:15 - 13:45
Thu 13.12.2018
12:15 - 13:45


The following reading is required for this course. Some articles are connected to specific sections - more details will appear about this in the Moodle area.

Crooke, Elizabeth. 2010. The politics of community heritage: motivations, authority and control. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 16.1-2: 16-29.

Connerton, Paul. 2008. Seven types of forgetting. Memory studies 1.1: 59-71.

Koskinen-Koivisto, Eerika. 2016. Reminder of the Dark Heritage of Humankind – Experiences of Finnish Cemetery Tourists of Visiting the Norvajärvi German Cemetery. Thanatos 5.1: 23-42. https://thanatosjournal.files.wordpress.com/2016/06/koskinen-koivisto_da...

Meskell, Lynn. 2002. Negative heritage and past mastering in archaeology. Anthropological Quarterly 75.3: 557-574.

Seitsonen, Oula, & Koskinen-Koivisto, Eerika. 2017. “Where the F… is Vuotso”: Heritage of Second World War forced movement and destruction in a Sámi reindeer herding community in Finnish Lapland. International Journal of Heritage Studies 24.2: 421-441. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13527258.2017.1378903

Loftus, Elizabeth F. 2005. Planting misinformation in the human mind: A 30-year investigation of the malleability of memory. Learning & Memory 12.4: 361-366. http://learnmem.cshlp.org/content/12/4/361.short

González-Ruibal, Alfredo. 2008. Time to Destroy. An Archaeology of Supermodernity, Current Anthropology 49.2: 247-279. http://www.gr.unicamp.br/ceav/content/pdf/pdf_textoEContempor%C3%A2neoRu...

Thomas, Suzie, & Koskinen-Koivisto, Eerika. 2016: “Ghosts in the background” and the “Price of the war”: Representations of the Lapland War in Finnish museums. Nordisk Museologi 2016/2: 60–77.

Waterton, Emma, and Smith, Laurajane. 2010. The recognition and misrecognition of community heritage." International Journal of Heritage Studies 16.1-2: 4-15.

Optional additional reading:
Sääskilahti, Nina. 2016. “Konfliktinjälkeiset kulttuuriympäristöt, muisti ja materiaalisuus.” Tahiti: taidehistoria tieteenä 2016/1. http://tahiti.fi/01-2016/tieteelliset-artikkelit/konfliktinjalkeiset-kul...

Conduct of the course

The course is conducted through lectures and seminars, with assigned reading and assessed tasks to complete.

Group presentations 20%, Case Study 20%, Essay 60%

Group Presentation – 20%
In designated groups, prepare a presentation (length to be confirmed later, dependent on number of students enrolled in the course) on a commemorative site known to you (for example, a war memorial, monument to a famous person, etc). In your presentation you should include the following:
1. Summary and description of the commemorative site
2. Analysis of why it was erected
3. Consideration of which groups of society are being remembered
4. Consideration of which groups of society are being ignored/marginalized/forgotten in the context of the commemorative site.

Case Study – 20%
Based on your group presentation, write up the example commemorative site your group chose as a case study document. The text should reference the relevant literature, and particularly refer to themes brought up in cultural heritage studies literature. You should write the case study as a group, and it should be no more than 1000 words in length, excluding the bibliography.

Essay – 60%
Write an essay on the following theme: “How do societies decide what heritage to remember and celebrate, and what heritage to downplay or ignore? What are the different processes at play?”
Use examples in your answer and refer to the literature from the course and from further reading that you are able to find. The essay should be 2500-3000 words in length, excluding the bibliography.

Presentations deadline 13.12, case study deadline 17.12, essay deadline 21.12. As the deadlines are all close to each other, please make sure you allow yourself enough time to complete each assignment. It is advisable to start working on your assignments already at the very beginning of the course.


Students taking KUMA-KP500 take this as part of their core courses, students taking KUMA-MU500 courses can take this as one of their optional courses instead of KUMA-MU503 or KUMA-MU512. Students completing the old "perusopinnot" in cultural heritage studies can take this course earn credits for that.

Opiskelija osaa selittää muistipolitiikan tutkimuksen käsitteitä sekä jäsentää niiden avulla kulttuuriperintöilmiöitä. Hän arvioi muistipoliittisten tekojen vaikuttimia ja vaikutuksia.

Menneisyyden muistamisella ja unohtamisella on vaikutusta yhteiskunnallisiin olosuhteisiin ja sosiaalisiin siteisiin. Opintojakso luo katsauksen muistitutkimukseen, sen teorioihin sekä sovelluksiin. Se auttaa ymmärtämään, kuinka kulttuuriperintö on yhteisöllisten muistiprosessien muoto, joka konkretisoituu muistiorganisaatioissa sekä epävirallisemmissa ilmenemistavoissa.

Opintojaksoon sisältyy oheislukemisto, joka ilmoitetaan opintojakson aikana.

Arvointi asteikolla 0 - 5. Arvioinnissa painotetaan kirjallista lopputehtävää, jossa odotetaan muistitutkimuksen ja kulttuuriperinnön tutkimuksen kytkemistä toisiinsa sekä soveltamista yksittäisten kulttuuriperintöilmiöiden analysoimisessa.

Opintojakso toteutaan lähiopetuksena. Se koostuu luennoista ja keskusteluista, joihin opiskelijan odotetaan aktiivisesti osallistuvan. Opintojaksoon sisältyy oheislukemisto, joka ilmoitetaan opintojakson aikana. Lopputyönään opiskelija laatii esseen tai muun kirjallisen tehtävän.