Russian Statehood in Flux: Early Russian Statehood, Building-up an Empire 862-1917 – 5 cr.
Primary goal of the studies: The main emphasis of this series of lectures is to study the phenomena of Russianness from early sources. Secondary goal: to constitute historical survey of key events, to focus on the main phenomena of Russian identity: institutions, people, social forces and symbols. Tertiary goal: investigating everyday life of Russians is one the key notion during these lectures.
A. Key elements
Key elements: sources, key events, Russian identity: institution, people, social forces, symbols. Understanding of dispositions in Russian history: pre-Petrine Russia (time before modern Russian state), Imperial Russia, Soviet Russia, Post-Communist Russia (New Russia)
The idea of investigating everyday life of Russians is the key notion during these lectures – how Russian lived then?
B. Theoretical analysis and methodological & empirical notions of history
Mosaic of the past: History and the understanding of the past is the key fundamental for other Russian studies – Russia is not only a social phenomenon – it is mosaic of the past. History - more than dates and people! Not just a list of what happened where and when to whom.
Empirical information and reading of sources: the craft of history involves interpreting facts in a convincing manner in dialogue with other historians. Hermeneutics of the past!
History is a debate about the meanings of what happened where and when to whom. In this course you will learn through written assignments and discussions how to understand and analyze historical debates and then to develop interpretations of your own.
C. Outcome of lectures
The skills of understanding: assessing other people’s arguments and building interpretations of one’s own are, of course, applicable to fields other than history.
The critical thinking skills of learning: you learn in this course should enrich and inform how you approach a full range of topics and decisions in your professional and everyday life.
The skills of understanding the past: course also seeks to enhance your ability to imagine the lives of others and in doing so to help you better understand and appreciate the world in which you live.
Practical skills: the course emphasizes short and dense (rather than long and light) readings.
Home works, team-works and assignments: Students should enjoy learning about the past and about how historians think about the past. They should also have a desire to improve their writing, analytical, and argumentation skills.
To understand the studies of Russia's past, to explain historical facts, people, social phenomena, causes, and consequences in Russian history. And especially: to read and evaluate historical documents critically and to describe how they might be used in understanding and writing Russian history.
D. Methodology of lectures, teacher
In-class discussions are a relevant part of this course. They will give you a chance to analyze the readings, ask questions, formulate your own ideas, and learn from other students
You are expected to come to every class prepared to discuss the readings and to engage with the material presented in lecture.
Intensive days: 4 hours lectures, coffee discussion, working in teams.
Docent, University lecturer Dr. Arto Luukkanen gives these lectures every Monday and Wednesday. After each four hour lecture there will be an “academic colloquy” with students in nearby Café (Café Engel). This will be followed by study group discussions. A group of senior students chosen by Dr. Luukkanen will then lead these discussions under his supervision as part of their training in Russian studies.
So, this series of lectures will combine 3 different pedagogical methods. This combination of dialectical, discussional and peer reviewing methods of teaching have been well received among the international students. The key factor is the participating teaching method so that the students are engaged into the active learning process. They are both encouraged and required to present their personal analysis and opinions during the debates and discussions.
After the lectures the students will organize their own presentations on topics discussed during these lectures and study group projects.
12 September. Basics, sources, What is Russia? Primary Chronicle, Annals, Geography etc. The Birth of Rus, Kievan Rus, theories, how Russia was created? Kreshenie Rus, The Disintegration of Rus, Mongol period – first time as a state, the origins of patrimonial Russia, Kiev as ”ulus”, The Mongol yoke, The rise of Moscow,
17 September. Rise of Moscow – the principality of Moscow – early modernization of Russia and the protests: starovertsi, sects, the difficulty of modernity, Peter the Great – the rise of Russian statehood! Symbols, icons of modern Russia. Peter the Great and his compatriots! Tabel o rangah, Russian state system, administration, laws,
19. September.. Autocracy and his nobles, kuptsy, kresjany, ROC, intelligentsija, Imperial Russia, Russia in Flux: 1850 – the flux: Nicolas I – Alexander II. Industry, art, literature, potentials, back to policestate!
26. September, Alexander III and Nicholas II – opposition, society, again: Westernizers, Slavophiles, Narodniks, Philosophy, Marxists, Revolutionaries
28.9. Why Revolution came? How Russian lived at the eve of I WW
F. Sources to analyze
Sources: PVL – Povest Vremmnykh let, Nakaz – 9th of November, Witte’s diary
Povest Vremmnykh let
Opintojakso on pakollinen VIE-opintosuuntaan erikoistuville alue- ja kulttuurintutkimuksen pää- ja sivuaineopiskelijoille.
Tavoitteena on, että opiskelija hahmottaa selkeästi Venäjän ja sen historiallisten osien poliittisen, taloudellisen ja kulttuurisen kehityksen yleislinjat ja omaa valmiudet erikoiskurssien omaksumiseen ja nykytilanteen historiallisen taustan ymmärtämiseen.
Suositellaan opintojen aluksi.
Venäjän historian perusteiden ymmärtäminen aina Kiovan Venäjän synnystä, mongolivaltaan ja Moskovan suuriruhtinaskunnan syntyyn saakka sekä Venäjän keisarikunnan historian perusteiden hallitseminen sekä imperiumin ja sen seuraajavaltioiden historian keskeisten poliittisten, taloudellisten ja kulttuuristen tapahtumakokonaisuuksien ja kehitysprosessien systemaattinen oppiminen niiden kronologisessa yhteydessä aina vuoteen 1917 saakka.
Luentokurssi ja kirjallisuus. Kirjallisuuden voi tenttiä joko luentojen lopputentin yhteydessä tai tiedekuntatentissä. Opintojakson voi suorittaa myös kokonaan kirjatentillä, jos vastaavaa kurssia ei ole tarjolla.
Kirkinen (toim.) Venäjän historia tai vastaava teos englanniksi sekä yksi teos, jossa Venäjän vanhempaa historiaa on käsitelty seikkaperäisemmin (esimerkiksi Pertti Luntinen: Sota Venäjällä, Venäjä sodassa s. 1-531, tai Nicholas Riasanovsky: The Image of Peter the Great in Russian History and Thought tai James Cracraft: The Revolution of Peter the Great)
Opintojakson hyväksyttyyn suoritukseen edellytetään aktiivista osallistumista opetuskerroille. Arviointi perustuu lopputenttiin.
yliopistonlehtori Arto Luukkanen