Kaisa_2012_3_photo by Veikko Somerpuro

The objectives of this course are:
(1) to acquire or refresh some concepts and tools useful for the analysis of social movements (citizenship, civil society, domination and resistance, environmental justice, gender; and
(2) to apply these concepts and tools to cases in the context of Global South that may help illustrate the issues raised by social movements and possible alternatives.


The course targets Master students in the Programme of Society and Change with a maximum of 20 students. The course is open for other Master and Bachelor students at the faculty in case there are vacancies.


By the end of the course, students will be familiar with the main theoretical approaches in the study of social movements, and will be able to analyze current social movements in the Global South (the course readings will have a special focus on Latin America and Africa).

19.4.2018 klo 09:00 - 10.5.2018 klo 23:59


The lectures will be based on the reading materials that need to be read ahead of the course - please see the course materials! Short notes on the readings (total of 10 notes) need to be submitted a day before each session.

Ma 14.5.2018
10:00 - 14:00
Ti 15.5.2018
10:00 - 14:00
Ke 16.5.2018
10:00 - 14:00
To 17.5.2018
10:00 - 14:00
Pe 18.5.2018
10:00 - 14:00


COURSE OUTLINE (DATE, TOPIC AND READINGS) *Note: most of the course materials are available via Helka!*

General introduction – Mapping the field: (What is a social movement? How to study social movements? What are the existing field and theoretical approaches?), content of the class, organization

Required readings:
1. Motta, S.C. & Nilsen, A.F. 2011. Social Movements and/in the Postcolonial: Dispossession, Development and Resistance in the Global South, pp. 1- 31. IN: Motta, S. C. & Nilsen, A.F. (eds.) 2011. Social Movements in the Global South: Dispossession, Development and Resistance.
2. Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. 2014. Introduction: The Field of Social Movement Studies. In: Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. 2014. The Oxford handbook of social movements. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

General references:
1. Motta, S. C. & Nilsen, A.F. (eds.) 2011. Social Movements in the Global South: Dispossession, Development and Resistance. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
2. Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. 2014. The Oxford handbook of social movements. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3. Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. (eds.) 2006. Social movements: An introduction (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.
4. Goodwin, J. & Jasper, J. M. (eds.) 2002. The social movements reader: Cases and concepts. Malden (Mass.): Blackwell Publishers.
5. McAdam, D., Tarrow, S. G. & Tilly, C. 2001. Dynamics of contention. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
6. Klandermans, B., Roggeband, C. & Stekelenburg, J. v. (eds.) 2013. The future of social movement research: Dynamics, mechanisms, and processes. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Session 2: MAIN THEORETICAL ORIENTATIONS (14.5., 12 to 2 pm)
Social movements in the Global South. Epistemological challenges, eurocentrism

Required readings:
1. Cox, L., Nilsen, A. & Pleyers, G. 2017. Socialist movement thinking beyond the core: theories and research in post-colonial and post-socialist societies, Interface: a journal for and about social movements, Vol. 9 (1): 1-25. *Note that it is not required to read the whole article*
2. Santos, B. d. S. 2014. Introduction. Creating a Distance in Relation to Western-centric Political Imagination and Critical Theory. In: Santos, B. d. S. 2014. Epistemologies of the South: Justice against epistemicide. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 19- 47.

Further reading:
1. Fadaee, S. 2017. Bringing in the South: towards a global paradigm for social movement studies, Interface: a journal for and about social movements; vol. 9(2), pp. 45-60.
2. Quijano, A. 2000. Coloniality of Power, Eurocentrism and Latin America, Nepantla: Views from South 1.3., pp. 533-580.
3. Dussel, E. 2000 Europe, Modernity, and Eurocentrism, Nepantla: Views from South 1.3., pp. 465- 478.
4. Spivak, G. C. (988. ‘Can the Subaltern Speak’, in C. Nelson and L. Grossberg (eds), Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press): pp. 271–313.
5. Otto, B. & Terhorst, P. 2011. Beyond Differences? Exploring Methodological Dilemmas of Activist Research in the Global South, IN: Motta, S. C. & Nilsen, A.F. (eds.) 2011. Social Movements in the Global South: Dispossession, Development and Resistance.

Session 3: SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, PROTEST AND REPRESSION (15.5., 10 to 12 am)

Required readings:
1. Earl, J. 2011. Political Repression: Iron Fists, Velvet Gloves, and Diffuse Control, Annual Review of Sociology, 2011. 37:261–84.
2. Adam Branch and Zacharias Mampilly. 2015. Chapters 1 and 4 in Africa Uprising: Popular Protest and Political Change, Zed Books, London.

Further reading:
1. How Social Movements Die: Repression and Demobilization of the Republic of New Africa. By Christian Davenport. Book review by Jennifer Earl in American Journal of Sociology 121, no. 5 (March 2016): 1605-1607. 

Session 4: FEMINIST AND WOMEN’S MOVEMENTS (15.5., 12 to 2 pm)
Feminisms from the South; intersectional feminism; transnational feminism

1. Rodrigues, C. & Prado, M.A. 2013. A History of the Black Women’s Movement in Brazil: Mobilization, Political Trajectory and Articulations with the State, Social Movement Studies, vol. 12 (2), pp. 158-177.
2. Kuttab, E. 2014 .The Many Faces of Feminism. Palestinian Women’s Movements Finding a Voice. In: Nazneen, S. & Sultan, M. (eds.) 2014. Voicing demands: Feminist activism in transnational contexts. London: Zed Books, pp. 219-251.

Further reading:
1. Carneiro, S. (translation by Camargo, R.) 2016. Women in Movement, Meridians: feminism, race, transnationalism, Volume 14, Number 1, 2016, pp. 30-49.
2. Crenshaw, K. 1991. Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color, Stanford Law Review, vol. 43, pp.1241-1300.
3. Baksh, R. & Harcourt, W. (eds.) 2015. The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Feminist Movements. New York: Oxford University Press.
4. Lebon, N. & Maier, E. (eds.) 2010. Women's activism in Latin America and the Caribbean: Engendering social justice, democratizing citizenship. New Brunswick, N.J.: Tijuana, Mexico.
5. Mohanty, C. T. 2003. Feminisms Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicising Solidarity. Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press.
6. hooks, b. 2015 [1984]. Feminist Theory. From Margin to Center. New York: Routledge.

Session 5: ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTS (16.5., 10 to 12 pm)

Required readings:
1. Kirchherr, J. 2018. Strategies of Successful Anti-Dam Movements: Evidence from Myanmar and Thailand, Society & Natural Resources, 31:2, pp. 166-182.
2. Mukherjee, S., Scandrett, E., Sen, T. and Shah, D. 2011. Generating Theory in the Bhopal Survivors’ Movement , pp. 150-177. IN: Motta, S. C. & Nilsen, A.F. (eds.) 2011. Social Movements in the Global South: Dispossession, Development and Resistance.

Further reading:
1. Escobar, A. 2016. Thinking-feeling with the Earth: Territorial Struggles and the Ontological Dimension of the Epistemologies of the South, AIBR – Revista de Antropología Iberoamericana, Vol.11, issue 1, pp. 11-32.
2. Ho, M.-S. 2018. Taiwan’s Anti-Nuclear Movement: The Making of a Militant Citizen Movement, Journal of Contemporary Asia.
3. Kröger, M. 2016. Contentious Agency and Natural Resource Politics. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 58-86.

Session 6: STUDENT MOVEMENTS (16.5., 12 to 14 pm)

Required readings:
1. Dugas, J. C. 2001. The Origin, Impact and Demise of the 1989–1990 Colombian Student Movement: Insights from Social Movement Theory, Journal of Latin American Studies 33, 807–837.
2. Cele, G & Coen, G. 2003. Student Politics in South Africa. An Overview of Key Developments, Cahiers de la recherche sur l’éducation et les savoirs, 2 | 2003, 201-223. http://journals.openedition.org/cres/1517

Further Reading:
1. Siavelis, P.M. 2012. Chile’s student Protests. The original sin of educational Policy, Harvard Review of Latin America. Fall 2012.
2. Wall, I. 2011. Dissensus, the Right to Education & A New Latin American Student Movement, December 2011 in criticallegalthinking.com

Session 7: PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS MOVEMENTS (17.5., 10 to 12 am)

Required readings:
1. Stork, J. 2013. Three Decades of Human Rights Activism in the Middle East
and North Africa: An Ambiguous Balance Sheet, in Joel Beinin and Frédéric Vairel (eds.), Social Movements, Mobilization, and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa: Second Edition, Stanford University Press, 2013.
2. Navarro, M. 1989. “The Personal is Political: Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo.” In Susan Eckstein, ed., Power and Popular Protest: Latin American Social Movements. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989.

Further readings:
1. Isschot, L. Chapter Chapter 4, Popular Protest and Human Rights Activism, in The Social Origins of Human Rights: Protesting Political Violence in Colombia's Oil Capital, 1919-2010. University of Wisconsin Press.
2. Beinin, J. & Vairel, F. 2013. Introduction: The Middle East and North Africa
Beyond Classical Social Movement Theory in Joel Beinin and Frédéric Vairel (eds.), Social Movements, Mobilization, and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa: Second Edition, Stanford University Press, 2013.


Required readings:
1. Stahler-Sholk, R. 2010. The Zapatista Social Movement: Innovation and Sustainability, Alternatives; Jul-Sep 2010; 35, 3; pp. 269-290.
2. Gudynas,, E. 2011. Buen vivir: Today’s tomorrow, Development, 54(4), pp. 411-447.

Further readings:
1. Esteva, G. & Escobar, A. 2017. Post-Development @ 25: on ‘being stuck’ and moving forward, sideways, backward and otherwise, Third World Quarterly, 38:12, 2559-2572.
2. Becker, M. 2010. Pachakutik: Indigenous movements and electoral politics in Ecuador. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
3. Icaza, R. 2015. The Permanent People’s Tribunals and indigenous people’s struggles in Mexico: between coloniality and epistemic justice? Palgrave Communications, | 1:15020 | DOI: 10.1057/palcomms.2015.20 | www.palgrave-journals.com/palcomms.
4. Eija Maria Ranta (2016) Toward a Decolonial Alternative to Development? The Emergence and Shortcomings of Vivir Bien as State Policy in Bolivia in the Era of Globalization, Globalizations, 13:4, 425-439.

Session 9: URBAN SOCIAL MOVEMENTS (18.5., 10 to 12 am)

Required readings:
1. Podlashuc, L. 2011. The South African Homeless People’s Federation. Belville: African Centro for Citizenship and Democracy.
2. Bayat, A. 2015. Plebeians of the Arab Spring. Current Anthropology, Vol.56, Supplement 11, pp. 33- 43.

Further reading:
1. Holston, J. 2008. Insurgent citizenship: Disjunctions of democracy and modernity in Brazil. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
2. Belda-Miquel, S., Blanes, J. P. & Frediani, A. 2016. Institutionalization and Depolitization of the Right to the City: Changing Scenarios for Radical Social Movements, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, pp. 321-339.
3. Caldeira, T.P.R. 2015. Social Movements, Cultural Production, and Protests. São Paulo’s Shifting Political Landscape. Current Anthropology, Vol.56, Supplement 11, pp. 126-136.
4. Doshi. S. The Politics of the Evicted: Redevelopment, Subjectivity, and Difference in Mumbai’s Slum Frontier, Antipode, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 844-865.

Session 19: (19.5., 12 to 2 pm)

Required readings:

Kurssin suorittaminen

Passing the course (5 ECST) requires
1) Active participation in the 5 lectures. Lectures will be based on the reading materials that need to be read ahead of the course. Short notes on the readings need to be submitted before the beginning of the course. 1 page of notes is required for each reading. These should be sent to the course teachers by e-mail.
2) Presentation on one of the course readings. The student is required to choose one of the readings and to do an around 15 min presentation on it.
3) End-of-term essay.


Upon completion of the course students will have deeper knowledge of a contemporary approach in Development Studies.

Interactive seminars or lectures, with small group discussion of assigned readings. Learning is evaluated on a 1-5 scale. Evaluation of the course by exam will be available.