Kaisa_2012_3_photo by Veikko Somerpuro

The objectives of this course are:
(1) to acquire or refresh some concepts and tools useful for the analysis of social movements (citizenship, civil society, domination and resistance, environmental justice, gender; and
(2) to apply these concepts and tools to cases in the context of Global South that may help illustrate the issues raised by social movements and possible alternatives.


The course targets Master students in the Programme of Society and Change with a maximum of 20 students. The course is open for other Master and Bachelor students at the faculty in case there are vacancies.


By the end of the course, students will be familiar with the main theoretical approaches in the study of social movements, and will be able to analyze current social movements in the Global South (the course readings will have a special focus on Latin America and Africa).

14.3.2019 klo 09:00 - 25.4.2019 klo 23:59
Kirjaudu sisään nähdäksesi Moodlen kurssiavaimen.


Tästä osiosta löydät kurssin opetusaikataulun. Tarkista mahdolliset muut aikataulut kuvauksesta.

Ma 13.5.2019
10:00 - 14:00
Ti 14.5.2019
10:00 - 14:00
Ke 15.5.2019
10:00 - 14:00
To 16.5.2019
10:00 - 14:00
Pe 17.5.2019
10:00 - 14:00



General introduction – Mapping the field: (What is a social movement? How to study social movements? What are the existing field and theoretical approaches?), content of the class, organization

Required readings:
1. Motta, S.C. & Nilsen, A.F. 2011. Social Movements and/in the Postcolonial: Dispossession, Development and Resistance in the Global South, pp. 1- 31. IN: Motta, S. C. & Nilsen, A.F. (eds.) 2011. Social Movements in the Global South: Dispossession, Development and Resistance.
2. Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. 2014. Introduction: The Field of Social Movement Studies. In: Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. 2014. The Oxford handbook of social movements. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

General references:
1. Motta, S. C. & Nilsen, A.F. (eds.) 2011. Social Movements in the Global South: Dispossession, Development and Resistance. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
2. Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. 2014. The Oxford handbook of social movements. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3. Della Porta, D. & Diani, M. (eds.) 2006. Social movements: An introduction (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.
4. Goodwin, J. & Jasper, J. M. (eds.) 2002. The social movements reader: Cases and concepts. Malden (Mass.): Blackwell Publishers.
5. McAdam, D., Tarrow, S. G. & Tilly, C. 2001. Dynamics of contention. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
6. Klandermans, B., Roggeband, C. & Stekelenburg, J. v. (eds.) 2013. The future of social movement research: Dynamics, mechanisms, and processes. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Session 2: MAIN THEORETICAL ORIENTATIONS (13.5., 12 to 2 pm) Social movements in the Global South. Epistemological challenges / Saila

Required readings:
1. Santos, B. d. S. 2017. The Resilience of Abyssal Exclusions in Our Societies: Toward a Post-Abyssal Law. Tilburg Law Review, vol. 22, pp. 237-258.
2. Fadaee, S. 2017. Bringing in the South: towards a global paradigm for social movement studies, Interface: a journal for and about social movements; vol. 9(2), pp. 45-60
Optional reading: 3. Global Working Group Beyond Development 2018. Introduction. IN: Lang et al (eds.), Alternatives in the World of Crisis, pp. 4- 15.

Further reading:
1. Cox, L., Nilsen, A. & Pleyers, G. 2017. Socialist movement thinking beyond the core: theories and research in post-colonial and post-socialist societies, Interface: a journal for and about social movements, Vol. 9 (1): 1-25.
2. Santos, B. d. S. 2014. Epistemologies of the South: Justice against epistemicide. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 19- 47.
3. Quijano, A. 2000. Coloniality of Power, Eurocentrism and Latin America, Nepantla: Views from South 1.3., pp. 533-580.
4. Dussel, E. 2000 Europe, Modernity, and Eurocentrism, Nepantla: Views from South 1.3., pp. 465- 478.

Session 3: GENDER AND WOMEN’S MOVEMENTS (14.5., 10 to 12 am) / Saila
Feminisms from the South; intersectional feminism; transnational feminism

1. Seppälä, Tiina 2016. Feminizing Resistance, Decolonizing Solidarity: Contesting Neoliberal Development in the Global South, Journal of Resistance Studies, 2017, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 12-47.
2. Kuttab, E. 2014 .The Many Faces of Feminism. Palestinian Women’s Movements Finding a Voice. In: Nazneen, S. & Sultan, M. (eds.) 2014. Voicing demands: Feminist activism in transnational contexts. London: Zed Books, pp. 219-251.

Further reading:
1. Lugones, Maria 2003. Pilgrimages = Peregrinajes: theorizing coalition against multiple oppressions. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.
2. Crenshaw, K. 1991. Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color, Stanford Law Review, vol. 43, pp.1241-1300.
3. hooks, b. 2015 [1984]). Feminist Theory. From Margin to Center. New York: Routledge.
4. Baksh, R. & Harcourt, W. (eds.) 2015. The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Feminist Movements. New York: Oxford University Press.
5. Lebon, N. & Maier, E. (eds.) 2010. Women's activism in Latin America and the Caribbean: Engendering social justice, democratizing citizenship. New Brunswick, N.J.: Tijuana, Mexico.
6. Mohanty, C. T. 2003. Feminisms Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicising Solidarity. Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press.

Session 4: SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, PROTEST AND REPRESSION (14.5., 12 to 2 pm) / Elisa
Required readings:
1. Adam Branch and Zacharias Mampilly. 2015. Chapters 1 and 4 in Africa Uprising: Popular Protest and Political Change, Zed Books, London.
2. Earl, J. 2011. Political Repression: Iron Fists, Velvet Gloves, and Diffuse Control, Annual Review of Sociology, 2011. 37:261–84.
3. How Social Movements Die: Repression and Demobilization of the Republic of New Africa. By Christian Davenport. Book review by Jennifer Earl in American Journal of Sociology 121, no. 5 (March 2016): 1605-1607.

Session 5: INDIGENOUS MOVEMENTS (15.5., 10 to 12 am) / Saila

Required readings:
1. Osuoka, Isaac 2018. “Niger Delta: Community and Resistance”, pp. 18-45. IN: Lang, M., König, Claus-Dieter, and Redelmann, Ada-Charlotte (eds.) 2018. Alternatives in a World of Crisis. Brussels: Rosa Luxembourg Stiftung; Ecuador: Universidad Andina Simon Bolívar.
2. Stahler-Sholk, R. 2010. The Zapatista Social Movement: Innovation and Sustainability, Alternatives; Jul-Sep 2010; 35, 3; pp. 269-290.

Further reading:
1. Escobar, A. 2016. Thinking-feeling with the Earth: Territorial Struggles and the Ontological Dimension of the Epistemologies of the South, AIBR – Revista de Antropología Iberoamericana, Vol.11, issue 1, pp. 11-32.
2. Eija Maria Ranta (2016) Toward a Decolonial Alternative to Development? The Emergence and Shortcomings of Vivir Bien as State Policy in Bolivia in the Era of Globalization, Globalizations, 13:4, 425-439
3. Esteva, G. & Escobar, A. 2017. Post-Development @ 25: on ‘being stuck’ and moving forward, sideways, backward and otherwise, Third World Quarterly, 38:12, 2559-2572.

Session 6: STUDENT MOVEMENTS (15.5., 12 to 14 pm) / Elisa
Required readings:
1. Dugas, J.C. 2001. The Origin, Impact and Demise of the 1989–1990 Colombian Student Movement: Insights from Social Movement Theory, Journal of Latin American Studies 33, 807–837.
2. Cele, G & Coen, G. 2003. Student Politics in South Africa. An Overview of Key Developments, Cahiers de la recherche sur l’éducation et les savoirs, 2 | 2003, 201-223. http://journals.openedition.org/cres/1517

Further reading:
1. Siavelis, P.M. 2012. Chile’s student Protests. The original sin of educational Policy, Harvard Review of Latin America. Fall 2012.
2. Wall, I. 2011. Dissensus, the Right to Education & A New Latin American Student Movement, December 2011 in criticallegalthinking.com

Session 7: PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS MOVEMENTS (16.5., 10 to 12 am) / Elisa

Required readings:
1. Stork, J. 2013. Three Decades of Human Rights Activism in the Middle East 
and North Africa: An Ambiguous Balance Sheet, in Joel Beinin and Frédéric Vairel (eds.), Social Movements, Mobilization, and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa: Second Edition, Stanford University Press, 2013.
2. Navarro, M. 1989. “The Personal is Political: Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo.” In Susan Eckstein, ed., Power and Popular Protest: Latin American Social Movements. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989.

Further reading:
1. Isschot, L. Chapter Chapter 4, Popular Protest and Human Rights Activism, in The Social Origins of Human Rights: Protesting Political Violence in Colombia's Oil Capital, 1919-2010. University of Wisconsin Press.
2. Beinin, J. & Vairel, F. 2013. Introduction: The Middle East and North Africa
 Beyond Classical Social Movement Theory in Joel Beinin and Frédéric Vairel (eds.), Social Movements, Mobilization, and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa: Second Edition, Stanford University Press, 2013.

Session 8: URBAN SOCIAL MOVEMENTS (16.5., 12 to 2 pm) / Saila

Required readings:
1. Podlashuc, L. 2011. The South African Homeless People’s Federation. Belville: African Centro for Citizenship and Democracy.
2. Bayat, A. 2015. Plebeians of the Arab Spring. Current Anthropology, Vol.56, Supplement 11, pp. 33- 43.

Further reading:
1. Holston, J. 2008. Insurgent citizenship: Disjunctions of democracy and modernity in Brazil. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
2. Belda-Miquel, S., Blanes, J. P. & Frediani, A. 2016. Institutionalization and Depolitization of the Right to the City: Changing Scenarios for Radical Social Movements, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, pp. 321-339.
3. Caldeira, T.P.R. 2015. Social Movements, Cultural Production, and Protests. São Paulo’s Shifting Political Landscape. Current Anthropology, Vol.56, Supplement 11, pp. 126-136.

Session 9: SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, REVOLUTIONS, AND REGIME CHANGE (17.5., 10 to 12 am) / Elisa

Required readings:
1. Della Porta, Donatella. 2014. Mobilizing for democracy. Chapter one. Social movements and democratization. Oxford University Press.
2. Khalili, Laleh. 2011. Too Early to Tell: When is a Revolution a revolution. Center for Contemporary Arab Studies - Georgetown University

Session 10: MOVEMENTS AGAINST EVICTIONS + discussion on the course (17.5., 12 to 2 pm) / Saila & Elisa

Required readings:
1. Doshi. S. The Politics of the Evicted: Redevelopment, Subjectivity, and Difference in Mumbai’s Slum Frontier, Antipode, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 844-865.
2. Cabannes, Y., Guimarães Yafai, S. & Johnson, C. (eds.) 2010. Occupation of a vacant public building in the centre of Porto Alegre, Brazil & Villa 31 and 31 bis, Buenos Aires, Argentina. IN: How People Face Evictions. BSHF, University College London. Pp. 121- 150.


Notes on the readings

Please prepare a one pager of notes of the readings of each course session. The aim is to reflect upon your thoughts when reading the articles: what you found interesting, what not, how you connect the articles to previous experiences or studies that you might have had.

Please do not attempt to summarize the articles in one page, that is not the objective of this exercise! Please send the notes by e-mail to the course lecturers: saila.saaristo@helsinki.fi and elisa.tarnaala@hotmail.com

Kurssin suorittaminen

Passing the course (5 ECST) requires
1) Active participation in the 5 lectures. Lectures will be based on the reading materials that need to be read ahead of the course. Short notes on the readings need to be submitted before the beginning of the course. 1 page of notes is required for each reading. These should be sent to the course teachers by e-mail.
2) Presentation on one of the course readings. The student is required to choose one of the readings and to do an around 15 min presentation on it.
3) End-of-term essay.


Upon completion of the course students will have deeper knowledge of a contemporary approach in Development Studies.

Interactive seminars or lectures, with small group discussion of assigned readings. Learning is evaluated on a 1-5 scale. Evaluation of the course by exam will be available.