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This course is included in the optional studies of the Bachelor of Laws degree and the Master of Laws degree.

Registration onto this course is open to all students from the Bachelor of Laws programme and the Finnish Master of Laws programme, all students pursuing doctoral studies and those on the MICL or IBL programme, as well as to exchange students, and to students with the right to complete minor sub­ject stud­ies or the right to complete non-degree studies at the Faculty of Law.

Apply for a right to complete minor sub­ject stud­ies or for the right to complete non-degree studies at the Faculty of Law here: https://guide.student.helsinki.fi/en/article/optional-studies-law and https://www.helsinki.fi/en/faculty-of-law/admissions/apply-to-the-faculty-of-law.

Fair knowledge of own legal system and readiness to question this knowledge in the light of other legal ideas.

Understanding the need of comparing laws in the globalized world. Fair understanding of the methodological challenges involved.

Period III

The course will explore how the rationale of comparative law has changed over time and what is – or should be – its rationale in the globalized world. Globalization is accompanied by the unprecedented phenomena of interculture and internormativity which are not only an effect of globalization, but also another cause of it. Globalization challenges the monopoly of states, supranational and international organizations to make and enforce law. More and more, private standard-setters/law-makers make and enforce their rules. Comparative law, which hitherto dealt almost exclusively with state law and, by extension, with supranational and international law, has therefore to review its premises and, possibly, also its methods.

Compulsory reading 400 pp. from the below list:

1. General introduction to comparative law. At least 1 book and 1 article out of the following list:

— Ainsworth, Janet E., Categories and Culture: On the Rectification of Names in Comparative Law, in Cornell Law Review Vol. 82:19, 1966, pp. 19–42;

— Alpa, Guido et al.: Diritto privato comparato. Istituti e problemi, Roma: Laterza 1999, (390 pp.);

— Chiba, Masaji: Three-Level Structure of Law in a World of Many Cultures, in Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 1979, Beiheft 11, 293–302;

— de Cruz, Peter: Comparative Law in a Changing World, Cavendish Publisher 1995;

— Frankenberg, Günter: Critical Comparisons: Re-thinking Comparative Law, in Harvard International Law Journal (26) 1985, pp. 411–455;

— Fromont, Michel: Grands systèmes de droit étrangers, 5 ième éd., Paris: Dalloz 2005;

— Gallo, Paolo: Introduzione al diritto comparato. Volume Primo Grandi sistemi giuridici, 2ª ed., Torino. G. Giappichelli Editore 2001;

— Glenn, H. Patrick: Legal Traditions of the World. Sustainable Diversity in Law, Oxford. Oxford University Press 2000;

— van Hoecke, Mark – Warrington, Mark: Legal Cultures, Legal Paradigms and Legal Doctrine: Towards a New Model for Comparative Law, in International and Comparative Law Quarterly 1998, pp. 495–536;

— Legrand, Pierre: Le droit comparé. Que sais-je, Paris: PUF 1999;

— Husa, Jaakko: Johdatus oikeusvertailuun, 1998;

— Mattei, Ugo – Monateri, Pier Giuseppe: Introduzione breve al diritto comparato, Padova: CEDAM 1997;

— Örücü, Esin: The Enigma of Comparative Law. Variations on a Theme for the Twenty-first Century, Leiden/Boston: Nijhoff 2004;

— Peters, Anne – Schwenke, Heiner: Comparative Law Beyond Post-Modernism, in International and Comparative Law Quarterly 2000, pp. 800–834;

— Reimann, Mathias: The Progress and Failure of Comparative Law in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century, in The American Journal of Comparative Law 2002, pp. 671–700;

— Sacco, Rodolfo: Introduzione al diritto comparato, 5ª ed., Milano UTET 2006 (Deutsch: Einführung in die Rechtsvergleichung, Baden-Baden: Nomos 2001;

— Vanderlinden, Jacques: Comparer les droits, Diegem: Kluwer 1995;

— Watson, Alan: Comparative Law: Law, Reality and Society, 2nd ed., Lake Mary/Florida; USA: Vandeplas Publishing 2008;

— Zweigert, Konrad – Kötz, Hein: Einführung in die Rechtsvergleichung, 2. Aufl., Bd I: Grundlagen, 1984; 3. Aufl., 1996, Tübingen: Mohr.

2. Method of comparing. At least 1 of the following articles:

— Banakas, Efstathios K.: Some Thoughts on the Method of Comparative Law: The Concept of Law Revisited, in Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 1981, pp. 289–309;

— Curran, Grosswald Vivian: Cultural Immersion, Difference and Categories in U.S. Comparative Law, in The American Journal of Comparative Law 1998, pp. 43–92;

— Curran, Grosswald Vivian: Dealing in Difference: Comparative Law's Potential for Broadening Legal Perspectives, in The American Journal of Comparative Law 1998, pp. 657–668;

— Mireille, Delmas-Marty – Izorche, Marie-Laure: Marge nationale d appréciation et internationalisation du droit, in Revue internationale de droit comparé, 2000, pp. 753–780;

— Demleitner, Nora V.: Challenge, Opportunity and Risk: An Era of Change in Comparative Law, in The American Journal of Comparative Law 1998, pp. 647–655;

— Friedman, Lawrence M.: Some Thoughts on Comparative Legal Culture, in Comparative and private international law: essays in honor of John Henry Merryman on his seventieth birthday, ed. by David S. Clark, Berlin: Duncker und Humblot 1990, pp. 49–57;

— Husa, Jaakko: Farewell to Functionalism or Methodological Tolerance?, in Rabels Zeitschrift 2003, pp. 419–447;

— Izorche, Marie-Laure: Propositions méthodologiques pour la comparaison, in Revue internationale de droit comparé 2001, pp. 289–325;

— Jaluzot, Béatrice: Méthodologie du droit comparé. Bilan et prospective, in Revue internationale de droit comparé 2005, pp. 29–48;

— Klami, Hannu Tapani: Comparative Law and Legal Concepts, in: Oikeustiede. Jurisprudentia 1981 (XIV), pp. 67–163;

— Kohler, Josef: Über die Methode der Rechtsvergleichung (1901), nachgedruckt in: Rechtsvergleichung, Hrsg. Konrad Zweigert und Hans-Jürgen Puttfarken, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 1978, pp. 18–29;

— Langrod, George: Quelques réflexions méthodologiques sur la comparaison en science juridique, in: Revue internationale de droit comparé 1957, pp. 353–369;

— Legrand, Pierre: A propos d une réflexion sur la comparaison juridique, in Revue internationale de droit comparé 1993, pp. 879–888;

— Legrand, Pierre: Sur l analyse différentielle des juriscultures, in Revue internationale de droit comparé 1999, pp. 1053–1071;

— Ponthoreau, Marie-Claire: Le droit comparé en question(s). Entre pragmatisme et outil épistémologique, in Revue internationale de droit comparé 2005, pp. 7–27;

— Reitz, John C.: How to Do Comparative Law, in The American Journal of Comparative Law 1998, pp. 617–636.

3. Globalization and law. At least 1 of the following books:

— de Sousa Santos, Boaventura – Rodríguez-Garavito, César A.: Law and globalization from below: towards a cosmopolitan legality;

— Sarat, Austin – Douglas, Lawrence – Umphrey, Martha Merrill (eds.): Law without nations;

— Wiener, Jarrod: Globalization and the harmonization of law.

Reading 30%; active attendance 20%; essay (10–15 pp.) to be returned one month after the lecture; exam 30%.

Lectures (24 hours) and individual work: reading, essay writing and possibly presenting orally.

Jaakko Husa