The course provides a multidisciplinary approach to the history of formation of the Christian discourse. Students will see that the development of Christian theology was deeply interwoven with the current scientific, philosophical and socio-cultural discussions and circumstances of late antiquity. The multifaced approach to the history of Christian dogma facilitates our understanding of the argumentative strategies of Christian authors and the possible implications of their theories.
Ancient Greek grammar and linguistics, logics, medicine, embryology and the theories of Mind and perception are not usually recognized at the background of patristic philosophy. Nevertheless, Christian authors of late antiquity freely engaged with Hellenic scientific and philosophical theories in order to find and formulate the answers to their theological questions. To trace the intricate ways of patristic argumentation we will examine the influence of the Alexandrian and Pergamon schools of grammar on Origenian exegesis, a connection between Aristotelian and Stoic logics and the Trinitarian teaching, a contribution of Galenic embryology to Christology, and an effect of the Neoplatonic theories of mind and perception on Christian ascetic teaching.
Lectures – Seminars (presentation of the material and its discussion)
The basic knowledge of the ancient Greek is NOT required (ancient texts will be provided with English translation).